For the last few thousand years, people have been using makeup to enhance their appearance. It’s also used for festivals to resemble animals or appear scary. Much older than humanity is the history of cosmetology. click for more info The ancient nomads made pastes of mud and ash to disguise themselves or scare other tribes by adding them to their bodies.
In the early 21st century, it is easy to believe that cosmetics are only used by females. In fact, it has been used throughout history by both sexes. The oldest actual make-up dates from ancient Egypt back to 4000 BC. Cosmetics in the form of lead, mercury, ash and other substances were used by noble people in Egypt to produce black eyeliner and emphasise the shape of the eye.
Deodorants were used by priests and noble people in ancient Egypt, such as carob pellets. They were rubbed on to the body directly. The rich knowledge given by Egyptian hieroglyphics helps to explain how cosmetics were used in ancient times. Chinese noble families used mixtures of beeswax, gum, gelatin and egg with different colours on their fingernails after a few hundred years. And as a symbol of rank were the noble families permitted to use the brightest colours.
By Roman times, cosmetology had improved considerably with oils and lotions. To retain it in shape, they were used in cosmetics, perfumes and cleansers as well as in hair. Greasy lotions made from animal fat have also been used to conceal defects in the face and other parts of the body.
In those times, Roman preparations were famous for being highly toxic. Cosmetae were known as female slaves who used to dissolve different substances in their own saliva. The manufacturers of Roman cosmetics were among the most productive in the ancient world.
Advances in hair dyes and wigs during the same period allowed everyone to change their appearance almost instantly and quite satisfactorily. Generals and aged senators were in special demand for the Roman wigs.
Henna has been used as a decorative cover in complex designs in other parts of the world, such as the Middle East and India.
By the mediaeval times, Arab chemists had developed a distillation method, which helped to produce perfume oils among other valuable items. For the amusement of rich merchants who wanted sweet smelling bodies and clothing, human greed used this process for the first time in size, however.