Colostomy is an external opening operation throughout the abdominal wall. During this process the colon end (large intestine) is pulled to form a stoma through the opening. A pouch is then placed on top of the stoma to collect the disposed of waste products from the body. In certain cases, the colon is damaged, obstructed or affected by illness. If the individual has any serious problems with an region of the large intestine, colostomy is recommended. click here to know more about colostomy.
A colostomy of the loop involves a temporary operation in which a colon loop is pulled to the abdominal skin in order to create a stoma with two openings. In another type of colostomy called end colostomy the colon is pushed out through the surface of the abdominal skin to create a single opening stoma. This is an ongoing process.
Colostomy is carried out in two ways, namely laparotomy (open operation) and laparoscopy (operation with keyhole). Keyhole surgery is a favorable choice as the patient can quickly recover and the risks involved are also reduced. Colostomy is performed with general anaesthesia and can may cause any breathing difficulties or drug reactions. Many risks associated with the surgery include bleeding, surrounding organ damage, infection, stoma blockage or prolapse, skin irritation, and surgical wound opening.
Colostomy surgery is primarily performed on patients with bowel cancer. Part of the colon is often removed, and temporary stoma is formed. When the colon is removed, the colostomy is then rejoined to replace. If rectum is removed completely, however, permanent colostomy is recommended. Diverticulitis is yet another condition involving colostomy. Small pouches seen on the colon wall are infected and swollen to cause high temperature, vomiting and pain in the stomach.
Temporary colostomy is recommended by removing the infected portion of the colon, to treat diverticulitis. Another cause for temporary or permanent colostomy is inflammation of the digestive tract known as the Crohn’s disease. Colostomy can also include obstruction of the intestine due to constipation, cancer and hernia. Colostomy is the final treatment for bowel incontinence, a disorder in which the bowel movements can not be controlled by the individual. Additionally, if the section of the colon is seriously damaged, colostomy is completed.
A hospital stay of three to seven days is recommended after the surgery. The doctor will talk about diet and how to take care of the colostomy before leaving hospital. To avoid possible complications it is important to follow every instruction carefully. Often, changing a life after conducting a colostomy can be difficult. Yet over time the patient will get used to it and look forward to regular day-to-day activities without hesitation.