To understand how stem cells are beneficial to us, we need to first understand what those cells are. Stem cells originate as immature biological cells in the embryo, and become specialized in producing bone, muscle , skin, heart , brain and more than 250 other specialized cell types. That’s why scientists doing both basic laboratory work and clinic medical research are of such importance. They have the ability to rebuild tissue and cells that were damaged as a result of disease or injury. I strongly suggest you to visit stem cell therapy asheville nc to learn more about this.
Stem cell therapy has been used to treat a variety of health problems such as heart disease, neurodegenerative diseases and diabetes, with bone-marrow transplant being the most widely used for this form of treatment. There are several ways that this cell therapy can be done but stem cells extracted from the blood of the umbilical cord are the easiest to use for treatment. In fact, these young person cells exhibit greater naivety and plasticity than those of adults.
Congenital heart disease ( CHD) is the most common abnormality found at birth, where heart structure and function is not normal. This congenital anomaly affected more than 1% of live born infants in 2014, and accounted for more than 2.5 million affected children worldwide per year. CHD now occurs in about 7-8 out of 1000 live births, which is a small change. Recent statistics suggest that up to 80 per cent of newborns and infants with CHD are expected to reach adulthood, which may lead to a high risk of complications later in life.
It is usually a combination of genetic and environmental factors that cause congenital heart disease. While some congenital heart diseases can be treated with medicine alone, one or more heart surgeries need to be used to treat others.
Work at Boston Children’s Hospital in 2006 showed the heart has its own stem cell source. Such cells can form two main types of heart cells: myocardial cells (the muscles that contract to make the heart beat together) and smooth muscle cells (the blood vessel lining of the heart). This discovery from Stuart Orkin, MD, and Sean Wu, MD , PhD, gave researchers a deeper insight into how the heart develops, and also gave fillip to the idea of heart stem cell treatment of diseased or damaged heart tissue.
A research led by Bernhard Kuhn at the Boston Children’s Hospital in January 2013 showed for the first time that young people (women, children , and adolescents) are capable of producing new muscle cells in the heart. These findings gave rise to the possibility that scientists could stimulate production of new cells to repair injured hearts.
In the PNAS Early Edition a team of researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital reported being able to build blood vessels using human stem cells in laboratory mice. The authors clarified that using stem cells to repair or replace the blood vessels could potentially help treat cardiovascular and vascular disorders in human patients.